Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually read as two numbers, for example: 115/65 mmHg.
Heart disease is the No. 1 worldwide killer of men and women, including in the United States. For example, heart disease is responsible for 40 percent of all the deaths in the United States, more than all forms of cancer combined. Heart disease (cardiovascular disease) is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart, blood vessels or circulation.
Heart attacks occur when blood supplies to the heart (blood vessels called coronary arteries) are blocked, preventing enough oxygen from getting to the heart. The heart muscle dies or becomes permanently damaged (Myocardial infarction).
A stroke (sometimes called brain attack) is a heart problem resulting from an interruption of blood supply to any part of the brain. A stroke can have severe and life-threatening symptoms or none at all. The extent of this heart problem depends on where the bleeding in the brain and the severity of the bleeding.
This heart problem occurs when a part of the heart does not receive sufficient oxygen due to problems with one or more coronary arteries (pass blood to the heart muscle) due to possible clogging or cholesterol build-up. Cholesterol that narrows blood-vessels and blocks blood-flow often leads to disease and sometimes permanent heart damage and life-long problems due to artery scar tissue and plaque. Atheroma is the plaque (fat, cholesterol, inflammated cells, and fibrous scar tissue) within artery walls. Artheroma causes atherosclerosis, a gradual buildup and hardening of the artery walls.
Aneurysm is a heart problem sometimes present at birth or a result of damaged arteries that become abnormally wide or enlarged from weakness in the wall of a blood vessel. Aneurysms are characterized by where the problem occurs within the body. Aneurysm rupture have a high risk of death accompanied with severe heart problems like low blood pressure, abnormal heart rate, and lightheadedness. Aneurysm patients who undergo surgery are often completely cured of this heart problem. There are many different types of aneurysms:
Atrial fibrillation is a common heart problem where the heart's two upper chambers beat out of coordination with the two lower chambers, causing irregular irregular and often rapid heart beat. Atrial fibrillation is a heart problem that can cause poor circulation and chronic chest pain. Common atrial fibrillation signs are